How to do Intentional Grounding or Beaching of a Ship?
The master of the ship is the overall in charge of the operations while trading in international waters. When it comes to safety of the crew and ship, he has to quickly decide the course of action keeping in mind the after effects of the same.
What is Beaching of the ship?
Beaching is a process wherein during an emergency situation a ship is intentionally taken towards shallow waters and at last grounded.
The word Beaching is used for such process because the type of emergency grounding is done only in those areas where the ground is of soft mud or sand (as in a Beach) in order to avoid damage to ship’s hull, propeller, rudder etc.
Why Beaching is done?
The three main reasons for which Beaching of ship is done are:
- To prevent loss of ship due to flooding when there is major damage below the water line of the ship
- To refloat the ship when satisfactory repair has been done and water tight integrity is restored
- In order to hand it over to the scrap yard
Procedure to Perform Beaching of Ship:
- Ballast the ship to its maximum capacity
- Check where the damage is more-bow side or stern side. Head with the damage side for beaching with 90 o to the tides
- Take all measure to avoid ship going parallel to the beach (throw weather anchor first)
- If approaching from astern due to stern damage, drop both the anchor at good distance so that they can assist the vessel in heaving when going water
- Sounding of all tanks must be done before and after beaching